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Hiv / Aids Basics

HOW DOES HIV SPREAD

Infected person’s blood, semen, vaginal fluid are rich in HIV. However tears, saliva, sweat or urine do not pose any danger?

HIV is transmitted by:

  • Unprotected sexual intercourse with infected person (either heterosexual or homosexual)

sexual intercourse with infected malesexual intercourse with infected male result in infection into femalehomosexual intercourse with infected malehomosexual intercourse with infected male result in hiv infection

  • Transfusion of infected blood or blood products

Transfusion of hiv infected blood or blood products

  • Infected mother to her baby during pregnancy, birth process and through breast – feeding

Infected mother to her baby during pregnancy, birth process and through breast  feeding

  • Use of infected needles and instruments without sterilization or sharing of needles and syringes by HIV drug addicts

Use of infected needles result in hiv infectionUse of infected needles without sterilization result in hiv infection

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