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Hiv / Aids Basics

HOW CAN HIV BE PREVENTED

HOW CAN HIV BE PREVENTED

PRVENTION IS THE ONLY CURE FOR HIV / AIDS

Prevention is simple easy and the only answer we have got today unless we find some cure. HIV can be easily prevented by adopting simple measures such as:

SAFE SEX:

The only safe sex is ‘no sex’; all other practices like masturbation, cuddling, hugging, rubbing, sticking to one partner or using condom if one cannot avoid multiple partners are safer sex practices.

using condom

SAFE BLOOD:

Judicious use of blood and use only pretested HIV free blood or blood product.

SAFE BLOOD

SAFE NEEDLES:

Insist your doctors and nurses to use sterile or disposable needles and instruments.

SAFE NEEDLES

SAFE MOTHERHOOD:

Before taking any major step in life like marriage or having child ascertain that you are HIV free.

SAFE MOTHERHOOD

SAFE RAZOR AND BLADE:

Never share your shaving blades with anyone and also ask your barber to use properly cleansed razor and new blade during shaving or hair cut. (Although the risk of getting infection from a saloon is minimal)

SAFE RAZOR AND BLADE

 

CARE OF HIV / AIDS PATIENT

GENERAL CARE:

  • Sympathetic attitude, family and public support

  • Patient should be advised to take adequate rest and diet rich in proteins and vitamins

  • Patient should be advised not to donate blood or organs

  • Patient should be advised to use condom with any sexual partner

  • As far as possible patient should avoid eating outside food

  • Patient should be encouraged to give up all habits i.e. smoking, alcohol or chewing pan or tobacco

  • Patient should drink boiled water

  • Patient should be advised to do regular exercise or yoga

If patients follow above general care tips they can live 1-2 year longer.

SYMPTOMATIC TREATMENT:

  • Early treatment of common problems like fever, cough, diarrhea etc. from family doctor

  • Early detection and treatment of opportunistic infections like TB etc.

SPECIFIC ANTI-HIV TREATMENT:

Many new anti-HIV drugs which prevent the spread of the virus and can postphone various complications are now available at selected places in market and few of them are also manufactured in India e.g. AZT, 3TC, D4T, Saquinavir, ddc, nevirapine etc. But these medicines are very costly and in India 90% of HIV patients cannot even think of them. One year expenses of good comminations of these drugs and blood testing comes to around 1.5 to 2.5 lacs. These medicines can prolong the life of the patient but not cure him.

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